Circular Value Systems

Circular Value Systems are the foundation of circular regions. These synergistic regions composed of multiple circular value chains create close collaboration of diverse regional actors and their value chains where all residues, wastes and byproducts are valorized achieving zero waste and residues.

  • References:
  • Scheel, C., (2016). Beyond sustainability. Transforming industrial zero-valued residues into increasing economic returns. Journal of Cleaner Production. 131(9), May. 376-386. ISNN: 0959-6526.